In the previous issue of the newsletter,we notified some facts about diabetes, its effects on the eyes,how it strikes, and its prevention ways and treatment. Now we are going to discuss proper nutrition and its effect on reducing diabetes. Do not forget that the things mentioned in this article are just a few simple and general suggestions. Please consult with a dietitian to get results.
In general, following a diet has a crucial role in controlling diabetes. However, since people's lifestyle, culture and social and economic situation are quite different, it's recommended that instead of suggesting a uniform and predetermined diet, nutritional instructions should be prescribed based on each individual's treatment goals and needs, whether diabetic or non-diabetic.
To prevent or control blood sugar, eating six meals a day, consisting of three main meals "breakfast, lunch and dinner" and three snacks is recommended. Try to eat foods and snacks at certain hours. Eating a snack before bedtime is important in children because it postponesreduction of blood sugar before going to sleep or during the night. The evening meal should include a protein, such as cheese or milk and bread.
A Few Tips for Glycemic Control
1. Eat vegetables per every meal.
2. Whole grain bread is better than white bread.
3. Restrict eating fatty foods such as kebab, sausage, salami and fried foods.
4. Eat low fat dairies.
5. Include beans and soy protein in your diet.
6. Do not eat more than 2 egg yolks per week.
7. Drink a minimum of 8 glasses of water during the day.
8. Prepare low salt meals.
9. Use liquid oils, especially canola oil for cooking.
10. Avoid smoking.
Diabetes and Fruits
Taking a variety of fruits is not only useful but essential for everyone including the diabetics. Fruit has a major role in enhancing the body's natural defenses, but It is worth mentioning that eating some fruits such as bananas, grapes, raisins, figs, watermelon, melon and cantaloupe should be confined to one or two servings per week.