Refractive errors often are the main reason a person seeks the services of an optometrist or ophthalmologist. But what does it really mean when we're told that our vision is blurry because we have a refractive error?
We see the world around us because of the way our eyes bend (refract) light. Refractive errors are optical imperfections that prevent the eye from properly focusing light, causing blurred vision. The primary refractive errors are nearsightedness, farsightedness andastigmatism.
Refractive errors usually can be "corrected" with eyeglasses or contact lenses, or they can be permanently treated with LASIK and other vision correction surgery (also called refractive surgery).